Henri Meyers and Jean-Pierre Meyers ABM Awards
Two awards, honoring the father Henri Meyers and grand-father Jean-Pierre Meyers were established at the Brazilian Society for Metals, materials, and Minerals. These awards are given for the best papers presented at the ABM Week. The awards are given annually at ABM Week.
- Jean-Pierre Meyers Award on Mineral Processing
- Henri Meyers Award for Mechanical Processing of Metals
Jean-Pierre Meyers was born in Grevenmacher, Luxembourg in 1875, the son of modest winemakers and cabinetmakers on the banks of the Moselle. He demonstrated great intelligence, energy, and interest in knowledge, studying engineering at the University of Louvain, Belgium, and graduating in metallurgical engineering in 1900. The south of Luxembourg is located in a region rich in minerals (the terres rouges) being part of the Lorraine Basin. There, the steel industry developed successfully in the region at the end of the XIX Century, after the revolutionary discovery of Thomas that allowed high quality steel to be to produced with the removal of the sulfur and phosphorus of the minerals by the slag. He was successively engineer in Homecourt (France), Tournai (Belgium), before Spain, where he built and directed modern blast furnaces in San Francisco del Desierto, near Bilbao. With great enthusiasm and ability to work, Jean-Pierre Meyers endowed the mill with modern coke ovens that allowed the large-scale use of Spanish coal. He also built a new power plant using the blast furnace gases. The mill could then manufacture modern steels using raw material that was not of great quality during the first World War. Loyal to France and Belgium, he worked tirelessly in the production of steel for the Allies. This time marked the beginning of anarchism in Spain, and Jean-Pierre Meyers, with a dedicated group of workers, continued the production during a general strike. This has led to threats against his life. In one tragic incident, an attempted murder against him was thwarted by his wife Laure who stood between him and the killers, being shot in the womb. He died after two weeks of suffering. This happened on a street in Portugalete during a Sunday stroll in which were also the four children Pierre, Felix, Henri, and Carlos. The funeral was a momentous event and hundreds of Portugalete citizens and workers followed the casket in procession through the streets. Six months later, Jean-Pierre also lost his life in a fatal accident, leaving orphans to their four children, who returned to Luxembourg.
Jean-Pierre Meyers was a devout disciple of physical education, having installed in his house a training room. Henri Meyers remembers that he could perform a maneuver with rings that required great strength and coordination, the iron cross. He was also a talented draftsman, making small comic stories for the family. He kept his simple lifestyle from his days in Grevenmacher, but liked to dress elegantly.
Information adapted from: Soisson, "Ingenieurs Luxembourgeois en Espagne," Revue Technique des l'Association Luxembourgeoise des Ingenieurs et Industriels, N.6, p.247, 1937.
Henri Meyers was born on June 22, 1912 in Sestao, near Bilbao, Spain. His father, Jean-Pierre Meyers, was a blast furnace engineer and then a director of the San Francisco del Desierto steel plant, belonging to Altos Hornos de Biscaya. This region rich in mining was the center of the steel industry in Spain. He lived there with his three brothers and parents, until tragic events led to the murder of his mother by anarchists, his father dying soon after. This event upset the lives of the four brothers, who returned to Luxembourg, where they were raised by the grandmother, Virginie Even, and uncle, Felix Reding. He received his primary and secondary education at Diekirch, then went to Aachen, Germany, where he graduated in 1936 as a metallurgical engineer from the Rhein-Westfalische Teschniche Hochshule Aaachen, one of the best engineering schools in Europe. He was hired by Arbed to come to Brazil and join Companhia Siderurgica Belgo Mineira with the purpose of constructing and operating the new rolling mills of the newly built Monlevade Plant. He spent two years in the rolling mills of the Esch-Schifflange Plant preparing for his mission in Brazil. At that time (1938) the conditions of work were very difficult in Monlevade, and peasants had to be trained with patience and dedication to be transformed into steel workers and technicians. World War II begun in September 1939 and the occupation of Arbed and Luxembourg by the Germans completely isolated Belgo Mineira from Europe until 1945. In 1942, Getulio Vargas asked Belgo Mineira to roll rails, and Henri Meyers had an active participation in this project, the first rail being produced in Latin America was rolled in the presence of the Minister of Transportation. Rail production played a strategic role in linking the south to the north of Brazil and in the Brazilian involvement in the Allied effort. In December 1944 Henri Meyers was sent to the United States to acquire and become familiar with the production of welded tubes. In New York, he met Marie-Anne Schleich, also from Luxembourg and isolated by the War, marrying her soon after. From this marriage came four children, Marc, Pedro, Jacques, and Carlos, of whom three are engineers. From 1945 to 1954 Henri Meyers directed the assembly and operation of cold and hot rolling mills and tube making. These were years of hard work and professional satisfaction. In 1954 the family returned to Luxembourg in order to permanently settle in their country of origin. Henri Meyers was in charge of administering Arbed's interests in CSBM and TAMET (Argentina). Filled with longing, he returned to Brazil in 1956 as Director of the Monlevade Plant, a post that he held until 1962. He directed the assembly of the LD mill to oxygen, the first in Latin America and one of the first in the world. Works were also started to install the Morgan train and to built the cable car for charcoal, as well as the modernization of blast furnaces. In 1962 Henri Meyers was promoted to Industrial Director and transferred to Belo Horizonte, where his children were able to continue their studies, since Monlevade only had the junior high school course. The following years were difficult, with strikes in Monlevade which frightened Marie Anne due to the tragic antecedents in Spain. Henri always showed great tranquility and courage, talking directly with the workers, who loved him very much. Years later the head of the union came to visit Henri Meyers at his house, and the friendship between them was re-established.
Later on, Henri Meyers took over planning department at Belgo Mineira. He participated actively in the Industrial City of Betim and in the School of Engineering of UFMG, being elected Vice President of Center of Industries of the Industrial City. At EEUFMG, he was a member of the Center for Industry-Enterprise Integration. The main characteristics of Henri Meyers' personality were kindness, honesty, sense of duty, and intelligence. He was the mentor of many Brazilian engineers who later became leaders in the industry.
He died at the age of 72, two weeks after visiting his beloved Monlevade.
2018 Hsue-Shen Tsien Professorship for Engineering Sciences Lecture, Institute of Mechanics, China
This lecture was delivered on April 11 at the Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Prof. Tsien is recognized n China as the father of the space program. A student of von Karman, he returned to China in 1956 and played a seminal in the space and missile program.
2018 TMS Institute of Metals Lecture and Robert Franklin Mehl Award
Marc Meyers receiving Mehl Medal from David DeYoung. TMS President. Director of R&D, Alcoa
For seminal contributions in mechanical behavior, especially dynamic effects, and nanocrystalline and biological materials, and for global leadership through mentoring and organization of major events.
Other: Biological Materials Science: Challenges and Opportunitie
2017 American Physical Society George Duvall Award in Shock Compression Science (given every two years)
Marc Meyers receiving award from Damian Swift.
"For pioneering contributions to understanding extreme behavior in a wide range of materials undergoing shock compression, including deformation, fracture,m phase transformations, and chemical reactions. Marc Meyers has dedicated 45 uninterrupted years to this endeavor."
2016 Charles Barrett Silver Medal, ASM Rocky Mountain Chapter
Receiving the Charles Barrett Silver Medal from Prof. David Matlock at the Colorado School of Mines, view presentation PDF
2015 - Albert Easton White Distinguished Teacher Award
Marc Meyers with prof. J. C.M.Li. Prof. Li received the ASM Gold Medal on his 90th birthday.
For inspired teaching for 45 years, and for leadership in the field of Materials Science and Engineering through research, organization of conferences and symposia, and writing textbooks used globally."
The award was established in 1960 in memory of an outstanding teacher and research engineer, who was a founding member and president of ASM in 1921. It recognizes unusually long and devoted service in teaching, as well as significant accomplishments in materials science and engineering, and an unusual ability to inspire and impart enthusiasm to students.
2015 - Morris Cohen Award, TMS
Marc Meyers recieving the Morris Cohen Award from Hani Henein, President of TMS
For pioneering work on the dynamic behavior of materials that has led to an enhanced understanding of phase transformations including the kinetics of martensitic transformations and the mechanisms of exothermic chemical reactions, high-velocity dislocations, and thermoplastic instabilities.
"Since my graduate student days, I have had a special admiration for the seminal contributions of Morris Cohen to materials science and, especially, to martensitic transformations. In a series of classic papers, he clarified the formidable maze of information and developed the fundamental underlying physics. The elegance of his theories and clarity of experiments are a testament to his talent and stand as lasting contributions to the fabric of materials science. To be recognized by this award is for me an honor that goes beyond my dreams."
2014 - MSEA Journal Prize
MSEA Prize Enrique Lavernia and Marc Meyers
We are delighted to announce that the recipient of the 2014 MSEA Journal Prize is Professor Marc André Meyers.
Marc André Meyers is a Distinguished Professor in the University of California, San Diego. Dr Meyers started working at the Jacobs School of Engineering in 1988 and had a stint as Director of UCSD's Institute for Mechanics and Materials. Prior to that he was Adviser to the Director, Materials Science Division, U. S. Army Research Office, Durham, North Carolina; and Associate Director, Center for Explosives Technology Research.
Dr Meyers has dedicated his career to the synthesis, processing, and characterization of new materials. Within this field, he has focused on three areas:
- Nanocrystalline materials
- Biological materials
- Dynamic behavior of materials
Professor Meyers has done extensive research into very rapid deformations, including: the fragmentation and communition (pulverization) of ceramics; dynamic response and shear localization in metals, ceramics, and reactive mixtures; the fundamentals of shock-wave propagation through solids; spalling (high-velocity fracture); shock and shear chemical reactions; and martensic transformations. In these, change is induced to solid crystalline structures to yield enhanced properties. He has studied synthesis of light-weight ceramics and laminates for armor using a gassless combustion process. A new focus is the science of nano-crystalline grains (100 nanometers or less), a nanotechnology niche that aims at higher-strength materials. Dr Meyers is an expert on bioduplication and biomimetics, the study of natural materials from living organisms and the processes that produce them.
Dr Meyers will receive his prize at the forthcoming TMS meeting in Orlando in March 2015. (from http://www.elsevier.com)
2014 - Heyn Medal, DGM (German Materials Society), Germany
In dankbarer Erinnerung an die Verdienste von Emil Heyn um die Metallkunde und die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Materialkunde wurde 1929 die Heyn-Denkmünze gestiftet. Sie wird verliehen für hervorragende Leistungen auf dem Gebiet der Metallkunde, durch die wesentliche Fortschritte in der Entwicklung der Nichteisenmetalle in wissenschaftlicher, praktischer oder wirtschaftlicher Hinsicht erreicht worden sind. Die Münze wird auf Beschluß des Vorstandes der Gesellschaft auf einer ordentlichen Hauptversammlung verliehen, und zwar jährlich höchstens einmal. (See previous recipients) and read more
2013 - Educator Award, TMS/AIME
For having taught thousands of students, written textbooks and conducted seminal research on the mechanical behavior of materials. Picture: Professor Marc Meyers receiving award from Dr. Wolfgang Schneider, President, TMS.
2012 - Corresponding Member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences
Marc André Meyers was elected Corresponding Member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, in the domain of Engineering Sciences. In the photo Marc Meyers is being congratulated by Dr. Marco Antonio Raupp, Minister of Science, Technology, and Innovation of Brazil, at the ceremony in which he was inducted into the Brazilian Academy of Sciences as a Corresponding Member.
2011 - Visiting Professor for Senior International Scientists of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Professor Lu Yongxiang, President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, awarded Dr. Marc Meyers the Visiting Professor for Senior International Scientists of the Chinese Academy of Sciences for 2010. In the picture Prof. Lu Ke, Director of IMR, CAS, in Shenyang, gives Prof. Meyers the certificate.
Chinese Academy of Sciences Certificate
2011 - APS Fellow (American Physical Society)
For being a leading member of the international community on the dynamic behavior of materials for over thirty years, publishing over 330 papers. In addition to his fundamental contributions to the field, he has provided leadership through his activities in the APS, MRS, and ARO, including co-founding the EXPLOMET conference.
2011 - TMS Fellow Award (The Metals, Materials, and Minerals Society)
Receiving the TMAS Fellow Award from Rusty Gray, president
For global leadership in the field of mechanical behavior of materials and for original and seminal contributions to the fundamental mechanisms in shock compression, shear localization, grain-size effects, and biological materials. View PDF
2011 - Albert Sauveur Achievement Award (ASM INternational)
For pioneering work leading to the understanding of dynamic response of materials to high-strain rate processing, deformation, fracture, fragmentation, for bridging the micro and macro processes involved, and for innovative research on biological materials.
Marc André Meyers received the Albert Sauveur Achievement Award from Dr. Mark Smith, ASM International president, at the Materials Science and Technology Congress in Columbus, Ohio, on October 16, 2011.
Citation: For pioneering work leading to the understanding of dynamic response of materials to high strain rate processing, deformation, fracture, and fragmentation; for bridging the micro and macro process involved and for innovative research on biological materials.
The Albert Sauveur Achievement Award was established in 1934. It recognizes pioneering
materials science and engineering achievements that have stimulated organized work
along similar lines to such an extent that a marked basic advance has been made in the
knowledge of materials science and engineering.
Dr. Sauveur, Honorary Member of ASM International, was born in Louvain, Belgium in 1863, educated at Athenée Royal, Brussels; the School of Mines, Liege and, finally, at MIT, graduating in 1889. Later he conducted his own laboratory and published the now famous Metallographist, a quarterly which carried most of the important metallographic literature of the day. In 1899, he joined the staff of Harvard University, where he established the first metallographic laboratory in any university. From 1924 until his death in 1939, he was Gordon McKay Professor of Mining and Metallurgy at Harvard. Affectionately known throughout the metallurgical world as the "dean of American metallurgists", Dr. Sauveur's pioneering work produced the first photomicrographs of steel made in the United States. His book on "Metallography and Heat Treatment of Iron and Steel", first published in 1912, was a standard textbook for a quarter of a century.